Ubuntu Operating System


A well-liked open-source Linux operating system with a user-friendly interface, stability, and a large user base is called Ubuntu. Ubuntu, created and maintained by Canonical Ltd., aims to give users everywhere a free and open computing environment. Its name derives from the African philosophy “Ubuntu,” which places a strong emphasis on the importance of inter connectivity and compassion for others. Because it comes with so much per-installed applications, Ubuntu is a great option for both new and seasoned users. Ubuntu continues to be a significant role in the Linux ecosystem, powering desktops, servers, and numerous other devices all around the world with frequent upgrades and long-term maintenance releases.


The goals of Ubuntu are: convergence, performance optimisation, language support, community-driven, open-source, stable, frequent releases, security updates, and configurable software. aims for accessibility, a worldwide audience, and promotes teamwork. aims to offer a unified user experience across devices.

Features of Ubuntu

1. An intuitive interface
2. Dependability and Stability
3. Huge Software Library
4. Consistent Updates
5. Releases with Long-Term Support (LTS)

Downloading Ubuntu

To download Ubuntu follow the given steps :

  • To download Ubuntu, go to the URL that is given below.
  • On this page, there is an option to download the older version of Ubuntu if required.
  • Go to past releases link. It then presents a page with all the past releases of the Ubuntu software.

Installing Ubuntu

Sure! In order to install Ubuntu, follow these simple steps:

  • Download Ubuntu first Visit the Ubuntu website’s official page and download the desired version.
  • build Bookable Media Burn the ISO file to a DVD or build a bookable USB drive using a programmer like Rufus or Lubavitcher.
  • Boot from Bookable Media Restart your computer after inserting the bookable USB device or DVD.
  • When the Ubuntu installation screen displays, choose the language of your choice.
  • Install Ubuntu  Click “Install Ubuntu” and adhere to the prompts on the screen.
  • Connect to Network If necessary, connect to Ethernet or Wi-Fi throughout the installation.
  • Partitioning is an optional step. Either let Ubuntu manage partitions or install Ubuntu alongside another operating system.
  • Create a username and password for your Ubuntu account in step eight.
  • Start Installation Verify your selections and begin the installation procedure.
  • Full Installation Remove the bookable DVD after the installation is complete, then restart your computer.
  • You have now successfully installed Ubuntu on your computer, and you can use it to explore new features.

Installing Software

following five steps will let you install software on Ubuntu:

  • Launch the Ubuntu software Open “Ubuntu Software” by selecting “Show Applications” from the desktop, then doing a search for it.
  • Search for programmer To find the programmer you wish to install, use the search field in Ubuntu Software.
  • Select Install. After selecting the programme you wish to install, click the “Install” option.
  • Authenticate When requested to authenticate the installation, provide your user password.
  • Waiting for Installation: The programme will be downloaded and installed by Ubuntu Software. You can locate and utilize the newly installed software from the Applications menu after the installation is finished.


Updates are periodic software releases provided by developers to improve, fix bugs, and enhance security in an application or operating system. Regularly installing updates is essential to ensure optimal performance and protect against vulnerabilities, ensuring a smooth and secure user experience.

File and Folders

To open the file explorer in Ubuntu, click on the files option in the software launcher. The files icon is encircled that is as follows :

Creating a Folder

To create a folder follow these steps :

  • To create a folder, choose a location where the folder needs to be created. 
  • Then right click and choose the option of new folder.
  • Provide a name for the folder accordingly.

Renameing a Folder

To rename a folder follow these steps :

  • To rename a folder, right click on the folder which needs to be renamed.
  • Right click and click on the rename option from the content menu.
  • Provide a new name of the folder accordingly.

Seeing the Properties of a file

To see the properties of a file, right click on the file and click on properties option from the context menu. Using the option, we can view the properties of the file and modify the permission of the files accordingly as shown in the following window.